Why is the water in my pond green?

Usually, green water indicates that too much light is penetrating the water, an excess of organic waste or a high concentration of fertilizer from runoff. An algae bloom in spring when the water temperature rises is to be expected. Use the following steps (in order, not all at once). Stop feeding fish, remove bottom debris, clean bio-filter and pre-filters (using pond water), add plants, add Bacteria / Barley, add UV filtration, Algaecide.

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Choosing a pond location – Things to consider

Safety: Locate any underground utilities like electrical or gas lines. Familiarize yourself with local building codes regulating backyard ponds. The National Electric Code requires that a ground fault circuit interupter (GFCI) outlet be used to power fountain or pond equipment.

Elevation: Locate your pond at the higher end of any hill or slope to avoid rain run off which can contain fertilizer and pesticide from lawns.

Debris: Locate your pond away from trees and falling leaves if possibe to minimize maintenance of cleaning the leaves out of the pond. Dead leaves decay and produce toxic ammonia in the pond as well as clog filter and pump inlets.

Sunlight: Aquatic plants like water lilies need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

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Calculate your pond size in gallons

Use this simple formula to calculate gallons: Length x Width x Depth x 7.5 = Gallons

Question: What is the 7.5 in the formula above?
Answer: There are 7.5 gallons of water in one cubic foot

Example:
My pond is 7′ long and 3′ wide and 18″ deep
7 x 3 x 1.5 x 7.5 = 236.2 gallons

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Ideally, what should be done about falling leaves in the Autumn?

One significant event in Autumn is that the leaves begin to fall. Be sure to clean them from your pond on a regular basis easily done by using a fish net to scoop them out. If fallen leaves are not removed they will begin to decay and throw off the ecological balance of your pond.

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Fountain Maintenance

Keep your fountain full of water and clean of debris and dirt to keep it looking attractive and to ensure proper functioning of the pump.

Fountain Troubleshooting

Is there enough water in the fountain?  Many fountains require a full water level to operate.

Is the plastic tubing kinked, blocking the water flow?

Is electricity available, did the circuit breaker go off?

Is there any debris, leaves, mineral buildup, etc. blocking the intake to the pump?

Is the pump “air locked”?  When you take pump out of water while it’s still running, it creates air bubble around intake of the pump, so it causes air pocket to stop water flow. Plug and unplug the pump several times to clear.

Is the impeller in the pump turning?  See the manufacturers directions supplied with your pump.

Fountain care

Do keep fountain bowls filled to proper level to maintain its proper pump operation. Refer to the pump instructions for the proper level (2” min). It is not recommended that fountains are left running during the night or when not at home as the water level cannot be monitored. Fountains can be operated over night, but we suggest that customer monitors water levels frequently. Running fountains dry may damage the pump and void the warranty. 

Clean with a soft cloth and CHANGE WATER FREQUENTLY, if possible.

Depending on the temperature and evaporation you may see a buildup of white residue on fountain surface from mineral content in the water supply.

Do not use any abrasives that can damage the surface of fountain. To prevent such buildup, we suggest soap and water. Mineral deposits may be able to be removed by some bathroom cleaning products such as “Lime Away”, “CLR”, etc. But, we don’t know the effect on polyresin.

Clean the fountain periodically as needed. Change the water; rinse the pump, especially in hot weather to prevent algae’s growth. You should evaluate Algaecide since our fountain pumps are only warranted for use in water with no additives.

If we suggest adding an algaecide, we need to approve it for use with our pumps and fountains. Pumps are designed for clean, fresh water only, and additives may react with pump parts or fountain surfaces. Algae can clog up the pump – may shorten the life of the pump. A clogged pump will affect the water flow and performance of the pump. Never use chlorine as an algaecide or cleaner.  Chlorine can damage your pump and fountain surfaces.

• NEVER LET THE FOUNTAIN RUN DRY!!!  May not burn out the pump, but running the pump dry may damage the pump and void the warranty.

• DO READ ALL INFORMATION supplied with your pump regarding its proper care and cleaning.

• Do plug pump into a properly grounded junction box with a GFI receptacle only.

• DO PROTECT FROM FREEZING. In cold weather climates, to extend the life of your fountain, we suggest that you remove water and disconnect the pump to protect it from possible freezing damage due to ice. There are no manufacturers’ warranties against that occurrence.

*       A fountain instruction sheet, fittings as well as tubing are included for each fountain type. Contact your dealer if you did not receive all necessary pieces.     

*       Some fountains can have some amount of over splash regardless of style or design. Placement location of any fountain is the sole responsibility and liability of the purchaser.

CAUTION: Excessive weight or pressure on any of the fountain bowls or other sections may cause it to fall. 

*** PLEASE KEEP PETS, CHILDREN OR ANYONE FROM SITTING, LEANING OR CLIMBING ON ANY OF THE FOUNTAIN COMPONENTS *** 

Some fountain parts have interlocking parts; however, some fountains have no interlocking parts, they are held together by gravity only. Gluing or cementing parts together is not recommended.  You may want to dismantle the parts to service your fountain or move it.

Minor Repair

If there are any repairs that need to be made, you can use an auto body type filler to repair damaged fountains and suggest they use a cement epoxy glue to affix the pieces together. They can refer to the instructions for use. This also will void the warranty.

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Project Idea: How to add a waterfall to your pond

Achieving the motion, sound, and beauty of a waterfall is now easier than ever!

These are some basic steps to install the WFK16 waterfall kit

Choose left or right inlet for weir and connect the pump

Connect the liner

Install the overflow stone

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West Nile Virus and Ponds?

Q. With the West Nile virus still a huge concern, how can I keep mosquitoes to a minimum this summer and still keep my pond?

A. If your pond is healthy and maintained it will not be a breeding ground for mosquitoes. The most effective way to control mosquitoes is to find and eliminate their breeding sites, which is standing water. So if you are maintaining a pond, water circulation is key. The continuous use of a pond pump will create water movement and add valuable oxygen to the water. Mosquitoes will not lay their eggs in such a turbulent environment. The second layer of prevention is fish. A pond with a healthy and hungry fish population will eat most mosquito eggs and larvae. Mosquito larvae are a prime source of natural food in ponds.

Here are a few additional steps you can take to reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home:

  • Carefully water your lawn/garden to prevent standing water that could linger for days
  • Dispose of any containers that collect and hold water (i.e. buckets, tin cans)
  • Empty any water that may have accumulated in wheelbarrows, old tires, pet dishes, etc…
  • Drain water regularly from birdbaths, flowerpots and window boxes
  • Use larvicides when standing water cannot be eliminated
  • Reduce the number of areas where mosquitoes can find shelter like cutting down any weeds near the home and mowing the yard regularly
  • Clean and chlorinate swimming pools, outdoor saunas and hot tubs
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